A little bit of history

In 1426, on the death of Alix, the last princess of Les Baux, the castle reverted to the county of Provence. Then came a troubled period with attempts to gain independence, rebellions and attachment to the kingdom of France.

Certain vestiges subsist from this period such as the Bringasses castrum, site of the fortress’s siege.

After the death of the last princess of Les Baux, at the end of the Middle Ages, the castle was passed in turn to the comtal and then to the royal domain.

Its residential buildings were partially rebuilt, a new enclosure was erected and the town then experienced a relatively prosperous period. But it wasn’t going to last!

The castle then once again suffered from disturbances. King Louis XIII decided to restore order and sent his powerful minister Richelieu.

Besieged, the town fell, the ramparts were demolished, the town lost its military calling and entered a period of slow decline. The abrupt plateau was gradually abandoned, leaving way to the plain below, giving birth to the “lower town”.

At the end of the 19th century, the town counted no more than 400 inhabitants compared with 3,000 in the 13th century.

It wasn’t until the end of the Second World War that the village rose once again from its ashes.

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Perched in splendid isolation on top of a natural plateau, Les Baux-de-Provence has always offered its inhabitants the dual advantage of being able to observe the land all around and to protect themselves.

Tourist Office

Maison du Roy, Rue Porte Mage,
13520 Les Baux-de-Provence
Tél. +33 (0)4 90 54 34 39


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Opening hours
Monday to Friday: 9.30 am to 5.00 pm
Weekends & public holidays: 10.00 am to 5.30 pm
Closure: 25 December and 1 January