Stone cutting is an important but little-known part of the history of Les Baux-de-Provence. Quarries have existed since Antiquity. They provided the stones for the Roman constructions in Arles and on the Via Aurelia, which passed at the foot of Les Baux.
The exhibition pays particular tribute to the Sarragan Quarry, which has been in operation for two centuries, and to the men who continue the work of generations of quarrymen.
The quarry is the last gallery mining site in the Alpilles massif and the only underground quarry in the region. The quarryman works from the top to the bottom of the hill by ablation. The walls and columns of the site reach 20 to 25 metres in height.